On 26 April, the European Commission proposed an EU Regulation on fairness and transparency in online platform trading, together with the creation of an Observatory on the online platform economy. The European Commission’s objective is to put in place a harmonized framework for minimum transparency and redress rights, which should protect companies that depend on online platforms for reaching consumers, while crucially safeguarding platforms’ innovation potential. Ecommerce Europe overall welcomed the publication of the Commission’s Proposal. However, Ecommerce Europe wants to stress that this Regulation should strike the right balance between online platforms’ interests and the interests of online merchants, especially SMEs that sell via marketplaces. This Executive Summary gives a brief overview on the position of Ecommerce Europe on the proposed Regulation and provides specific recommendations on how to improve it and achieve this fair balance.